No food protects people against cancer completely. The term cancer-fighting foods refer to foods that may lower the risk of developing cancer if a person adds them to their diet.
This article looks at the best cancer-fighting foods and explains the science that supports these claims.
Foods that contain naturally occurring compounds that have potent anticancer properties include:
Apples contain anticancer properties that may also help prevent inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and infections.
The phrase “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” actually rings fairly true. Apples contain polyphenols that have promising anticancer properties.
Polyphenols are plant-based compounds that may prevent inflammation, cardiovascular disease, and infections.
One study from 2018 in the Journal of Food and Drug Analysis suggests that apple phloretin significantly inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells, while not affecting normal cells.
Carrots contain high amounts of beta-carotene, which may prevent certain types of cancer.
Carrots contain several essential nutrients including vitamin K, vitamin A, and antioxidants.
Recent studies reveal that beta-carotene in carrots plays a vital role in supporting the immune system and may prevent certain types of cancer.
A review of eight studies shows that beta-carotene has links to a reduction in the risk of breast and prostate cancer.
Fatty fish, including salmon, mackerel, and anchovies, is rich in essential nutrients, such as vitamin B, potassium, and omega-3 fatty acids.
One study found that people whose diets were high in freshwater fish had a 53 percent lower risk for colorectal cancer than those low in freshwater fish.
Another study found that consumption of fish oil later in life has links to significantly lower risk for prostate cancer.
Finally, a study following 68,109 people found that people who consumed fish oil supplements at least four times a week were 63 percent less likely to develop colon cancer than those who did not.